Re-localization of agriculture
The re-localization of agriculture means bringing producers and consumers closer together.. The re-localization of agriculture favors short food supply chains in order to promote farmers’ economic autonomy. Therefore, the major part of the production profit goes to the farmer thanks to the suppression of many intermediaries. In addition to production, the farmer can carry out all or part of the processing and marketing, within the territory where the final product will be consumed. Value added can thus be reinvested in the territory through local projects or citizens, such as producers’shops or processing workshops.
This stregthens the viability of farms and local businesses, revitalizes communities and enhances the attractiveness of local areas. The re-localization increases production transparency towards consumers and the creation of a strong social fabric.
By bringing together actors from the agricultural and food sector (farmers but also cooperatives, slaughterhouses, food processors, consumers…) re-localization contributes to local development. It therefore contributes to the reappropriation of food and to the cooperation between stakeholders that can translate into local food governance.In terms of agroecology, the re-localization of agriculture answers many territorial issues. It enables the revaluation of the territory by mobilizing its ecological, economic and social assets. It favours a viable food system, on a smaller scale and therefore less subject to the influence of world or national market prices. The peasant agriculture advocated by certain agro-ecological movements is in line with the principle of relocalizing agriculture, with the aim of making farmers more autonomous and in direct contact with consumers.
References to explore
Chiffoleau Yuna; Dourian, Tara. 2020. Sustainable Food Supply Chains: Is Shortening the Answer? A Literature Review for a Research and Innovation Agenda. Sustainability. 12. (23). DOI : 10.3390/su12239831.
Claire Lamine.; Julie Dawson. 2018. The agroecology of food systems: Reconnecting agriculture, food, and the environment. Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems, 42:6, pp 629-636. DOI : 10.1080/21683565.2018.1432517
Georgina Holt.; Virginie Amilien. 2007. Special issue on local food products and systems. Anthropology of food, March 2007.