Integrated management of animal health
Integrated management of animal health consists in combining preventive and therapy actions, preferably without the use of drugs (particularly antibiotics or anti-parasites). When drug use is necessary only affected individuals should be treated with target treatments (specific molecules against the identified pathogen(s), at the recommended doses, and respecting the duration of treatment defined by the veterinarian). It also encompasses all knowledge and practices mobilized by humans in a coordinated manner in order to ensure the of a biological system (animal and herd in its environment) and/or to re-establish the balance if it has been disrupted. Integrated management of animal health can be seen as an operational declination of eco-pathology which is oriented towards better understanding the multiplicity of causes of diseases.
To avoid the emergence of psycho-social disorders, the circadian rhythm of animals should be respected, in addition To avoid the appearance of diseases, we can control animals (prophylaxis such as hygiene or vaccination) or its environment (soil, livestock housing, breeding environment, temperature …) in order to avoid injuries and the exposure to pathogens. We can also choose more robust animals (genetic type) and offer diets that meet the animals’ needs and promotes health (nutrients, pre- and probiotics, plant extracts).
Take advantage of biodiversity and enhance animal adaptability in order to improve the resistance of animals and it herd during sensitive periods are examples of ecological principles that can be used to implement integrated management of domestic animals’ health.
References to explore
C. Ducrot, D. Fric, A.-C. Lalmanach, V. Monnet, P. Sanders, C. Schouler. 2017. Perspectives d’alternatives thérapeutiques antimicrobiennes aux antibiotiques en élevage. INRA Productions Animales 30(1), pp 77-88.
Le point vétérinaire 2016. Soigner autrement : trouver l’équilibre pour produire mieux. Le point vétérinaire, Numéro spécial, 47, 140p.
Ministère de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation. 2012. Plan national de réduction des risques d’antibiorésistance en médecine vétérinaire. Rapport 32p.
Organisation Mondiale de la Santé (OMS). 2015. Résistance aux antimicrobiens. Projet de plan d’action mondial pour combattre la résistance aux antimicrobiens . Rapport 20p. Document A68/20 de la 68ème Assemblée mondiale de la santé.